Just shy of 4.5M Texans have voted early in person or by mail in the 15 counties with the most registered voters as of Friday, the end of the early voting by personal appearance. This is the highest-ever total recorded, finishing 32% above 2012, 26% above the previous record set in 2008 and 86% above 2004. All 15 counties set turnout records.

Just over 46% of registered voters in those 15 counties have already cast votes, led by Collin (56%), Williamson (54%), Fort Bend (53%), Travis (52%), Denton (52%) and Montgomery (50%) Cos. The counties with the lowest participation rates were Cameron (32%), El Paso (35%), Nueces (38%) and Hidalgo (41%) Cos.

History suggests that the majority of votes have already been cast. Since 2008, more voters have cast ballots early or by mail than on Election Day in each presidential and gubernatorial election.

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